The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety of the Convention on Biological Diversity was signed by the Republic of Moldova as an integral part of the Convention on Biological Diversity at New York on 14 February 2001 and ratiﬁed by Law no. 1381-XV of 11 October 2002. The objective of the Protocol is to contribute to implementation of an adequate level of protection to ensure safe transfer, manipulation and use of Living Modiﬁed Organisms (LMOs) produced by modern biotechnology, which might have adverse effects upon conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, with consideration of the risks for human health and special emphasis on transboundary movement of LMOs.
The draft National Biosafety Framework was developed in conformity with the Protocol provisions, comprising 5 principal components:
- Political framework;
- Legislative framework;
- Institutional framework;
- Risk assessment and decision-making system;
- Public awareness raising and education.